BOREALIS - THE LIVING UNIVERSITY OF THE NORTH
STAGE I : PROJECT EASEL : THE EXPERIMENTAL URBAN MODULE
of the PROJECT - Continued
The most fundamental considerations which must be made
regarding the social needs of humans in an urban environment are the respect for
individual privacy while still giving way for community. Yet, in attending to
these needs, we must take care not to impose or restrict the directions of man's
interaction with man. A city high rise offers no space for young children to
play out-of-doors under a mother's watchful eye without her leaving the
apartment to sit in the park with the children (if there is a park nearby). The
suburban home scatters schools and stores so widely that absolute dependence of
the automobile makes a mother part-time chauffeur-errand-runner, catering
greatly to children's activities. Spaces which offer only one of two extremes
must not be considered the only possibilities open to urban man.
We do not intend to predetermine either the forms or
directions of human's personal relationships. Contemporary women's search for
activity and expression outside the home and the increase of day care centres is
said by some to indicate a loosening of nuclear family ties. Sociologists point
toward divorce statistics to postulate a breakdown of marriage. Which ever
directions people may choose in their personal relationships and desire for
fulfillment, such possibilities must be open to them. Studies of space and
structures, building materials and prefabrication systems are already being
developed which can offer greater flexibility and freedom in the design of urban
spaces. The forms of living structures must allow freedom. Rather than isolating
people, they must give them the widest opportunities for interaction and
experimentation with intra-personal relationships.
Universal City Model
The Universal City Model is an educational program
created for the McGill University 1972 World Urban Concept featuring
Buckminster Fuller and Franklin Thomas. Notice Borealis in the bottom left.
Interact with the full story of this program on the Internet.
The socialization of our children into society is accepted as
being the role of our public school system. The question so frequently raised
today by educators, parents, and students alike is, "Do our schools carry
out their role according to our needs and in our best interests?" In a
centralized and standardized system, what provision is made for individual
differences, whether those differences by of culture, language, social
background, goal-orientation, ability, or interests? The existence of free
schools, de-schooling concepts, modular systems, cluster colleges, and
self-directed courses at all levels of the educational system reveal a feeling
that more freedom must be given to the individual to determine the directions of
their own studies and, consequently, of their own lives.
Our goal is to integrate an education system into the city
where the entire city is seen by all of its inhabitants as a place of learning
The forms this would take is open to research, discussion, and experimentation.
There are already many experimental programs which offer a great variety of
possibilities for innovation in these directions. We shall use these programs as
guidelines, accepting only one measure of success - that of our children gain
the abilities to work joyfully and live positively.
Borealis: The Experimental Urban Module
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