Stage. II: Construction of the EUM


Stage II: Construction of the EUM 

Thinking in terms of Space Perception in Movement

    The second state of development occurs on the site of Land purchase and survey, if not accomplished before is the first task. Together with this comes the detailed plans made in the first stage for the specific site.

    From the outset, construction techniques must be employed which create as little impact on the natural ecology as possible. To monitor this one of the priorities of construction shall be an institute of environmental studies whose aim will be the evaluation of the impact of the developing city and the attempt to set it in balance with its surroundings. Along with this will be advanced hydroponics greenhouses plus dairy and poultry farming.

    As the community grows, the programs developed in the research stage shall be initiated and slowly adjusted according to the needs and responses of the community. The goals of this stage shall be to become self-sufficient in basic necessities; to place a continual monitor on all experimental programs; to establish directions and limits of the growth of the city; to plan the details of the next area of growth; to continue information coordination, including information inputs received directly from experiments.

    The length of time for this stage. will be. generally outlined in the research and planning stage, but will depend largely on the speed and course of development of the module itself. When the module has reached a full integration of its new programs and technologies with an environment in dynamic equilibrium, growth of the city may continue.

1.) The Human Experience of the Module

The main component of the urban system - the street - is the. vehicle where the vitality of the EUM is expressed through people and where people can constantly recreate and experience (live) that community. Therefore the streets must be planned mainly for the circulation and communication of the walking person.

2.) The Meeting Places and Plazas

With the streets the plazas will be the other important component of human recreation of the urban space They will represent in space a larger area of occupation, one turned towards a centre or pole of; attraction In time they will correspond to slower flows of the citizens traffic and to an increase of spatial participation, communication and presence of people. Around the plazas will be located community centres and activities, the landmarks of the city, and the foci of social expression. The plaza in itself can be a monumental space in the sense that it will be the necessary medium to carry forth sets of recollections and experiences.

3.) Heights

In order to give economy of energy by eliminating unnecessary mechanical lifts, and to consider psychological and spatial benefits of the closeness of people to the earth while maintaining above average density of 50-100 persons per acre, we would not plan to build higher than four stories.

4.) The Clustered, Terraced, Built-In-Spaces

Fundamentally but not exclusively the dwellings in this module will be clustered in various degrees of privacy not directly situated over the urban network of communication (streets, plazas) . They will contain a number of community facilities and most important, contain a certain variety of other activities of a creative and productive type (such as cottage industries and crafts) and some services.

5.) The Climate Protection Devices

In projecting to build for extreme climatic conditions within a low level of energy expenditure while attempting to maintain a high, enjoyable use of urban space, the local climatization : these areas has to be considered. Winter snows can he eliminated where they are undesirable by a judicious coverage of the space with a system of retractable structures. These structures, also giving protection from rain, could be withdrawn in fair weather. Such a system is not very advanced at present, yet is indeed one of our basic requirements, and would save the city economy considerable expenses of snow removal and pedestrian ice injuries, etc.

6.) The Easy Access and Closeness to Green spaces and Parks

While such a city will have to achieve a symbiotic relationship with the natural environment from where it springs. it will, as well, have to contain within itself a full gradation of human treated natural spaces, from enclosed winter gardens to arboretum and other gardens for personal use.

7.) The  Association of  International Life-Styles

In Borealis we would intend from the outset that experimental steps include a full sample of a composite social group unified only by their willingness to try out through social interaction alternatives to their present ways of life. The stress will not be on conventional economics but on the mutual discovery of man.

8.) The Transportation System

When the city will start growing, a coherent system of transportation will have to be started of which the general lines are shown in the plan. A compromise might have to be established in the beginning with a transitional link giving to the outside region since the main orientation is of a totally new system not dependent on fossil fuels and strictly confined to specialized ducts in the urban grid.  There will be one main duct for fast inter-urban transportation (connection with another large urban centre), and another network of personal rapid transit links serving the whole city. The interference and invasion by these transportation links of the pedestrians' realm (streets, plazas) would be negligible, if even present, yet they would always be easily accessible. On the pedestrian circuits, special dispositions will have to be made for a certain degree of mechanized movement such as bicycles, escalators, moving belts, etc. In short, the transportation system is one to be thought of in very flexible and careful steps, so that it does not become an aggression and threat to the entire community.

9.) The Southern Orientation

For this first experimental module, and as a basis of future discussion, we propose the occupation of a southern slope for the best conditions of insulation. Such insulation and protection, besides rendering the space more ready for occupation will permit the best conditions for caption and accumulation of solar energy and save energy expenditures.

10.) Land Ownership

The experience of the few other experimental cities in the world, not to mention that of our present- ones, indicates that it is absolutely necessary that the land for the total city area plus green belt be purchased (or leased) before any construction occur on the site. Therefore, the land shall always be held by the city in a municipal land bank which then leases sections for private use in accordance with the total urban plan and its priorities..

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 Page Last Edited:  02 Jan 2010